|Capacity-building in Arctic standardisation development
H2020 Grant agreement no. 869673
|WP1: Establishing a comprehensive framework for Arctic Standards||
WP-leader and co-leader: Peter Pulsifer and Torill Hamre (NERSC)
In WP1 we will review existing standards, engage in the case studies in WP2-WP5 to support the development of the Comprehensive Framework Model (CFM), and make the CFM compatible with the Arctic Common Practice System (ACPS) in WP6
|WP2: Case studies in Greenland||
WP2-leader: Finn Danielsen (NORDECO)
Work in WP2 will address resource management in Greenland, which is one of the major challenges in development of sustainable communities. Management for sustainable resource exploitation builds on ecosystem knowledge obtained through environmental monitoring, and on advanced methods for estimating the climate-driven changes in stocks. In this work we address how community-based monitoring can be strengthened through use of new technologies and improved standards. The case study will review the community-based monitoring (CBM) systems in Greenland and use these to develop draft guidelines and standard for CBMs. With assistance from INTAROS, Greenland Ministry of Fisheries has, with many partners, developed an observing system, PISUNA, which will be used in the review (http://www.pisuna.org/uk_index.html).
|WP3: Case studies in Svalbard||
WP3-leader and co-leader: Lisbeth Iversen and Stein Sandven (NERSC)
Work in WP3 will address development of guidelines and standards related to providing data and technologies for the safety of inhabitants and tourists as well as for marine activities in the area around Svalbard. The main challenge in Svalbard is to adapt infrastructure and operations to the effect of climate change and to the transition from a mining town to a modern and diverse society. The Longyearbyen area has state-of-the-art mobile network and internet services with broadband communication locally and with the outside world. This makes it possible to have access to the same digital series as on mainland Norway. This is not the case elsewhere in Svalbard area. The lack of communication is one of the main challenges in the Arctic. The outcome of the case study will contribute to framework and standard development in WP1 and give input to WP6 and WP7.
|WP4: Case studies in Russia||
WP4 leader and co-leader: Finn Danielsen (NORDECO) and Rodeon Sulyandziga (CSIPN)
Work in WP4 will address Indigenous peoples in Arctic Russia occupying vast territories of tundra and taiga. A large proportion of the population is directly or indirectly dependent on the use of natural resources. Fishing, hunting, reindeer herding and wild foods are important for their livelihoods. Global changes in climate have resulted in changes in the extent of ice and precipitation, with negative impacts on the Indigenous peoples. Other threats come from private sector development, particularly the large-scale development of oil and gas, mining, fishing and forestry concessions.
|WP5: Case studies in USA||
The main objective is to conduct community visits and interviews to develop a concept map of how coastal community observing programs currently produce and share information on coastal sea ice and permafrost thaw hazards. A follow-up workshop with stakeholders and information users will explore how standardization and technologies might improve information flow and facilitate broader data use by stakeholders
WP5 leader and co-leader: Finn Danielsen (NORDECO) and Olivia Lee (IARC/UAF)
This case study would focus primarily on sea ice information as it relates to infrastructure risk, but will also explore overlap in information needs to support safe travel on sea ice. The proposed activities will draw on information that came out of two North American workshops of community-based monitoring practitioners convened in 2017 under the INTAROS project (Fidel et al. 2017; Johnson et al. 2018). Those workshops brought together community-based monitoring practitioners to understand challenges and good practices in relation to CBM data collection, data management, and data use. One of the conclusions of those workshops was that there is a need for greater coordination of CBM data infrastructure, which requires attention to the decision contexts of users, including their information needs, priorities, capacities, and constraints. This case study will help to address this gap in terms of moving from community produced observations towards integrated observing systems co-produced with different data users at different governance levels, from community to State of Alaska to federal agencies, as well as researchers.
|WP6: Arctic Common Practice System||
WP6 leader and co-leader: Pier Luigi Buttigieg (AWI) and Jay Pearlman (IEEE)
The Arctic Common Practices System (ACPS) will build on the UNESCO/IOC Ocean Best Practices System (OBPS; www.oceanbestpractices.org), which was implemented to address similar challenges in the marine domain. The OBPS is hosting a forward-facing best practice management system in tune with standards in global ocean observing (e.g. linked to the Essential Ocean Variables). A similar system for the Arctic will be broader, more interdisciplinary and target a wider group of users. In CAPARDUS, the ACPS will be designed from practices and methods of the local communities and other actors who will be involved in the project though the workshops and research schools (WP2-WP5). Education and training in ACPS will be provided as part of the workshops, presenting the method and providing hands-on exercises on how to design, build and use the system. Particular focus will be on how the communities want to develop and use the ACPS for the benefit their people.
|WP7: Synthesis, requirements and recommendations||
The main objective is to synthesize the results from WP1 – WP6 into requirements and recommendations for sustainable development and safe operations in the Arctic according to the standards and guidelines identified in the project.
WP7 leader and co-leader: Hanne Sagen and Stein Sandven (NERSC)
In this WP we will synthesize the results from WP1 to WP6. The work will be initiated and finalized through two workshops (mid-term and final). At the workshops CAPARDUS partners will discuss and formulate requirements and recommendations together with representatives from stakeholder groups, including the economic sectors and Indigenous organizations. The synthesis will lead to a comprehensive framework as basis for development of future Arctic Standards addressing common challenges for communities and operators in the Arctic.
Development of Arctic standards and guidelines will need engagement, coordination and financial support at local, national and international level. To reach the level of implementation of an Arctic Standard targeting a specific area a roadmap needs to be formulated. In collaboration with stakeholders and funding agencies a template for such roadmaps will be developed. The roadmap must contain elements of how to engage actors, which specific actions should be taken, and a cost plan, which require collaboration with investment funds and funding agencies. Such information is important for SMEs who plan start new and innovative activities. The roadmap should also describe how standardisation continuum evolves from informal agreements to guidelines, standards, and in some cases to legislation.
|WP8: Communication and outreach||
To plan and implement dissemination, outreach and education activities based on the results from WP1 – WP7.
WP8 leader: Stein Sandven (NERSC)
|WP9: Coordination and management||
WP9 leader and co-leader: Stein Sandven and Hanne Sagen (NERSC)